Khao Yai National Park lies two hundred kilometres or one hundred and twenty miles northeast of Bangkok in central Thailand. Depending on how much traffic may be on the road at the time, it can take you between three and four hours to drive there on any given day from the capital.
When it was established in 1962, it was Thailand's sole national park, which would now make it the oldest. The park covers an area of over 2,000 square kilometres (770 square miles) and stretches over the four provinces of Saraburi, Nakhon Nayok, Prachin Buri and Nakhon Ratchasima. In 1982 it was listed as an ASEAN Heritage site.
Khao Yai National Park encompasses a mountain range that sprawls across an enormous tropical evergreen forest and a wide grassland complete with an abundant variety of wildlife, including many endangered species of animals such as elephants, gibbons, tigers, leopards, sambar stags and Malaysian sun bears as well as more than 300 species of bird.
The park's highest peaks lie on to the east along a landform known as the Khorat Plateau. One of the peaks is called Khao Khiaw or Green Mountain and rises to a height of over 1,300 metres about 4,400 feet. Another is called Khao Laem or Shadow Mountain and rises to a similar height as the Green Mountain does.
The road leading up to Khao Yai from the town of Pak Chong is lined with several Tuscany designed buildings
reminiscent of a small Italian village. They include many resorts,
hotels and guesthouses. Among the narrow cobblestoned streets are
several restaurants, cafes and souvenir shops. This would be the ideal
place to stay the night, have something to eat or just wander around the
streets for a little shopping. It's also the best place to
book a tour of the park.
Although guides are sometimes available at the park's headquarters, it would be far better to hire an English-speaking one from one of the guesthouses in the Italian Village outside of the park. You can, of course, go your own way.
There are a dozen or so trails of varying degrees of difficulty in which to choose. They can range anywhere from two to eight kilometres, or one to five miles. One of the trails in the park snake along the Lam Takhong River and at the upper reaches of the river you will find the Haeo Suwat Waterfall.
Haew Suwat Waterfall is just one of many falls dotted in and around the park. Should you be here between March and May you'll also be able to see many varieties of orchids flowering all around the falls. Also along the trails, you'll find several clearings with observation watchtowers where you may be lucky enough to spot a few animals.
In an effort to reduce the environmental damage within Khao Yai National Park, facilities such as accommodation and restaurants have since closed. However, from what I know the 18-hole golf course at Kirimaya Golf Resort and Spa is still in operation. There are also some dairy farms, vineyards and a winery here.
But then again this is not the real reason why you would come to a national park now, is it? Surely you come here to see the beautiful flora and fauna, or did I perhaps get it all wrong? Whatever your reason, you will love it.
From the main entrance you drive along a winding mountain road dotted with lush greenery on either side. There are several viewing points where you can stop and survey some of the most spectacular scenery imaginable.
There are a couple of ways to reach the park by road from Bangkok, but
the most accessible one is to take the northbound route along
Phahon Yothin Road from Highway 1 to
Saraburi. Then from there turn right onto Mitraphap Road on Highway 2 towards
which is a little further north east.
Continue on towards the small town of Pak Chong until you come to a junction on the route. After that, take the right fork into Thanarat Road. You'll see a signpost marked Khao Yai. A short distance from there you turn right onto the secondary road 2090 which will take all the way to the park's headquarters.
You can also take Highway 1 from Bangkok, thereafter you turn eastbound along the Rangsit–Ongkharak Road on Highway 305 to the town of Nakhon Nayok. From there turn onto Highway 33 and continue a short distance before turning left onto the secondary road 3077 which continues all the way to the park.
Doi Inthanon encompasses the highest mountain peaks in Thailand and has several types of fauna and flora, waterfalls and a wide range of animal life such as leopard, Pangolin and flying squirrels. There are also several bird species such as the hawk, eagle and Eurasian woodcock.
Khao Phra Taew National Park is located on Phuket Island in southern Thailand. It is the island's last main outpost and primary evergreen rain forest. Within the national park, there are several waterfalls and it's also a home to the Gibbon Rehabilitation Center.
Khao Sam Roi Yot is a small coastal park located on the narrowest part of the Thai peninsula overlooking the Gulf of Thailand. Its interior is home to animals such as monitor lizards and macaque while the wetlands provide a sanctuary for migratory birds from Siberia.
Khao Lak stretches across several scenic strips of sandy upper Andaman coastline. The region is particularly famous for its spectacular scenery of steep rainforested ridges that extend down to the winding coast. An elephant trek to one of the waterfalls is a must.
Khao Sok is the largest and most dramatic tract of virgin rainforest in southern Thailand. The peaks rise to spectacular heights while the forest helps protect the population of elephants, bison, jungle cats, wild dogs and other endangered animals as well as many bird species.
Ko Tarutao is an archipelago near the islands of Langkawi in the Andaman Sea. Its diving sites are considered to be among the best in the world. There's a rich concentration of tropical fish and sightings of whales as well as dugongs and dolphins are a common sight.
Ang Thong is a small group of islands spread over part of the Gulf of Thailand west of Ko Samui. The region is popular for its beautiful beaches, limestone caves and abundant wildlife. Canoeing and snorkelling among the coral reef are a major attraction.
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