Kanchanaburi and the
Bridge over the River Kwai
If you've seen the movie,
you've got to see the real thing
Train travel on the River Kwai Bridge
The picturesque town of Kanchanaburi in central Thailand is a young town by Thai standards considering it was only discovered in the early 19th century. It is situated 130 kilometres (80 miles) to the northwest of Bangkok on a highway leading up to the Burmese border and congregates at a junction of two rivers.
One is known as Khwai Noi and the other is called Khwai Yai which eventually joins to form the Mae Khlong river. The surrounding countryside is covered in a vast expanse of limestone hills, sugar cane fields and such sheer scenic beauty.
River Kwai Railroad Scenery
Many tourists coming to Thailand know that Kanchanaburi is mostly associated with being the site of the infamous Thai-Burma railway which began its notorious journey from around here. The Bridge over the River Khwai that we see today, is in fact not the original bridge built by Allied and Asian slave labour during the second world war.
If you like, you can book your River Kwai Tour here
Booking your tour from this page (at no extra cost to you) would not only give me a little pocket money but you'd be helping me maintain this blog so that I can continue giving you more Thailand travel info.
Scenic view over the River Kwai
Bridge over the River Kwai
The first bridge, further north over the river, was built of wood but today no longer exists. It was built between 1942 and 1943 as a much needed supply route for Japan to get their vital equipment and troops across Thailand into Burma for an eventual attack on India. The sea route to India, at the time, was monopolized by American warships making Japanese supply ships subject to increased attacks. They had to find an alternative safe passage and this seemed to be the perfect plan.
Train travel on the River Kwai Bridge
Railroad over the River Kwai Bridge
The length of the railroad was in total, 415 kilometres (260 miles) which took just eighteen months to fully complete. Originally a 5 year plan had been allocated for its construction, but the Japanese needed to finish earlier and this caused some concern. Come to think of it, far too many lives were lost considering the Japanese ended up losing the war anyway. A real waste of human life and suffering. During this period, Thailand was not at war with Japan, but consented to the construction. Not the best career move.
Bridge over the River Kwai
Construction of the Bridge
The wooden bridge was eventually abandoned in 1943 for an iron bridge
which in turn, was later bombed repeatedly by the American air force in
1944. You will also notice segments on the iron bridge differ from one
another. The two angular sections seen in the photo at the top of the
page, were replaced after the war.
The attention surrounding the events inspired a novel and finally a film which I recalled watching some years ago. What the Hollywood movie portrayed though, and what actually happened here, tell a vastly different story. Nevertheless, it brought back an awareness of the atrocities which once occurred on this site.
When I was still a kid, I remember reading many books about the second world war and was often fascinated by it, but the movies seem to have brought a certain reality to it.
What Hellfire Pass looks today
Venture a further 80 kilometres (50 miles) beyond Kanchanaburi on highway 323 and you will have reached the infamous Hellfire Pass (Konyu Cutting) or as it is called in Thai, Chong Khao Khart.
It bears silent witness to the enormity of the inhuman brutality that
Allied and Asian prisoners of war must have endured whilst having to
carve out solid rock from the surrounding mountain side. The grueling
task became 12 weeks of sheer hell.
700 Australian, Dutch, British and Asian prisoners lost their lives working with an assortment of tools such as hammers, shovels, picks, steel tap drills as well as dynamite. On close inspection, you can see the marks where the drill and blast holes were made. Other prisoners died later of malaria, dysentery and cholera.
Hellfire Pass Museum
Hellfire Pass Memorial Museum
The pass is now a memorial site managed by the Australian government. If
you are up to it, spend some time on this nostalgic trip to commemorate
those fallen heroes.
Hellfire Pass Memorial Museum is situated
250 metres from the pass, where an exhibiting of artifacts, implements,
photos and a video documentary depicting the true events as to what
really happened on during the construction the Thai-Burma Railway. There
is also a memorial walking trail for those of you who have more time.
Surely not for the faint-hearted.
Kanchanaburi War Museum
Luxury River Resorts
Should you want to get away from the crowds of the bigger cities, you
could stay in one of the luxury river resorts here in Kanchanaburi. This
part of Thailand has some of the best scenic spots. In fact, if you go
upstream from the bridge to the wooded valleys of both rivers, you will
pass through amazing scenic countryside and view some magnificent
War Cemetery alongside Jeath War Museum
Jeath War Museum
Jeath War Museum derived its name from the first initial of
those nationalities who were involved with the construction of the
bridge, namely Japan, England, America/Australia, Thailand and Holland.
There were however other nationalities dragged into the Japanese war
efforts, namely the Koreans, Burmese, Chinese, Javanese and Malays. The
total number of deaths altogether was just under one hundred thousand.
The exact figure - 99,044.
To get to the museum you would
take a drive on Pak Phraek Road very near the entrance to Wat Chumphon.
Inside the museum you will see reconstructions of what it was like
during those horrendous times. Not for the faint-hearted, but a must see.
The museum is open daily from 8:30 am until 4:30 pm.
Final resting place
Chong Kai Cemetery
Chong Kai Cemetery is just across the road from the museum and you can walk
among the memorials. I found a number of my friends ancestry there, but
none of mine. My last name is Pike, so if you do come across my name
anywhere, please let me know.
Inside the Jeath War Museum
Erawan National Park
Erawan National Park is located a little further north in the
wooded valley of the Kwai Yai River and has a series of waterfalls which
are accessible by a forest trail. Buses leave every hour from 8:00 am
until 4:00 pm at Kanchanaburi for the hour and a half journey there.
Sawan Bundarn Cave
Sawan Bundarn Cave is located close to the central western
town of Sangkhlaburi on the northern shore of Vajiralongkorn Lake,
formally know as Lake Khae Laem on the border with Burma. To get to the
cave you would take the main highway 323 northwest of Kanchanaburi. I
am not sure how far it is from Kanchanaburi but from Bangkok it is 340
kilometres (210 miles). Along the way you will be able stop to view the
This cave is on the way to the Three Pagoda Pass, which is named after the three small pagodas which you'll see when you
get there. The journey is approximately 20 kilometres (13 miles) from
Sangkhlaburi. The cave is maintained by some friendly monks and there is no entrance
fee. You will come up close and personal with some very small bats. So
small in fact that some of them are about the size of a bumblebee. See
if you can spot any!
Bats at Sawan Bundarn Cave
Return from Kanchanaburi to Central Thailand
Return from Kanchanaburi to the Home Page
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