Bird Sanctuary and Wildlife Reserve at Khao Sam Roi Yot

National Park

Royal Pavilion at Tham Phraya Nakhon Cave


The Bird Sanctuary and Wildlife Reserve at Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park is a small coastal zone located at the narrowest part of the Thai peninsula overlooking the Gulf of Thailand. The park is a region of many contrasts encompassing sea, sand, mountain peaks, limestone caves and a forested interior.

But perhaps even more significant is its mud flats and freshwater marshlands which provide a superlative breeding ground for a multitude of birds. Migratory birds fly in from as far as Siberia and China as well as Australia and the island of Sumatra.

Though bird watching at Thung Khao Sam Roi Yot swamp is a major draw here, there are numerous other attractions to suit the most ardent adventurer right down to the more inquisitive visitor.

You may wish to embark on an extensive walk along one of the nature trails or coastal trails, visit one of the limestone caves, relax on one of the secluded beaches or simply charter a boat for a trip to the mangrove-fringed canals. The activities here are limitless.


Chestnut-Breasted Malkoha - Bird Sanctuary

Mountain of Three Hundred Peaks at the  Bird Sanctuary and Wildlife Reserve

Khao Sam Roi Yot attributes its name to the mountain of three hundred peaks and is best known for its distinctive limestone pinnacles that rise vertically from the marshland and forested interior to a height of 650 metres (2,150 feet).

The park is located just 63 kilometres (37 miles) from the popular coastal resort town of Hua Hin and covers an area of 98 square kilometres or 38 square miles.

You may have arrived at this page by typing in the keywords for bird sanctuary or perhaps you naturally discovered the articles of Thailand's National Parks covered on my website. Nonetheless, I'd like to wish you a warm welcome. You will surely enjoy the wonderful sights and sounds of this particular park as well as others should you someday decide to visit any of them as I have.

For this reason I'd like to introduce you to not only for the bird watching prospects, but also the other attractions Khao Sam Roi Yot has to offer.

However, if you are coming to the park specifically for see and photograph birds, the best time would be between the months of August and April as this is the time when the birds come here to rest, feed and breed. I myself am not a bird person per-say, but I do admire the beauty of these flying wonders of nature.


Mountain of Three Hundred Peaks

Caves at the Khao Sam Roi Yot 
Bird Sanctuary and Wildlife Reserve  

Surprisingly the most visited attractions at Khao Sam Roi Yot are the caves once used to shelter bandits who robbed unwary travellers journeying along the coast. These haunts have long been cleared out, but this form of debauchery still exists today in other parts of the world, particularly around the northeast coast of Africa.

These predators are known as pirates, but their intentions are the same. However, the caves here are quite safe apart from monkeys who are the only real bandits in the park. There are signs warning visitors to be vigilant.

Hidden high up on a cliff-side above the sandy bay of Hat Laem Sala is a cave system called Tham Phraya Nakhon that houses a grand pavilion built for King Rama V in 1896. The cave is located on a headland, and though inaccessible to vehicles, it's best reached via a ten-minute boat ride from Ban Bang Pu fishing village. It is a six kilometre (four miles) trip from the park's northern checkpoint.


The Walking Trail to Tham Sai Cave

Tham Phraya Nakhon Cave at the
Bird Sanctuary and Wildlife Reserve

It is, however, possible to walk over the headland behind Bang Pu Temple to Hat Laem Sala. There is a five hundred metre (signposted) long trail leading to the cave, but be aware that it is rather steep and can be quite tiring so you would need to be fairly fit to do the climb.

There is another shaded trail that runs up the hillside to the caves which will take you a good thirty minutes. Most visitors opt to take the boat ride which is fixed at 200 Baht for a complete round trip.

The immense twin caves of Tham Phraya Nakhon are filled with stalactites and stalagmites and surrounded by endless climbing plants and tall twitted trees. But more than this, the most dramatic feature is the partially collapsed roof, allowing sunlight to stream in and illuminate the interior and beam down on the famous pavilion known as Phra Thi Nang Khua Kharunhad.


Entrance to Tham Sai Cave

Tham Sai Cave at the
Bird Sanctuary and Wildlife Reserve

If you love hiking, then perhaps you'll enjoy the three hour trek south from Tham Phraya Nakhon to Tham Sai, a dark and dank limestone cave complete with stalactites, stalagmites and fossilized falls. The trail to the cave offers shaded forested areas as well as some fine coastal views.

From the coastal village of Ban Khung Thanot there is, however, a shorter trail of around twenty minutes. Ban Khung Thanot is about 8 kilometres (5 miles) from the Ban Bang Pu turnoff.

Another great activity at the bird sanctuary and wildlife reserve here is to charter a boat from the park's headquarters at the southern end of the reserve then take a trip along the mangrove-fringed Khao Daeng Canal. Alternatively, you can hire a kayak for a lovely leisurely trip around the coastline.


Khao Daeng Outcrop

Hiking Trails at the
Bird Sanctuary and Wildlife Reserve

You can also take a half hour trail trek from the park's headquarters and summit the 322 metre Khao Daeng Outcrop for a good view over the Gulf of Thailand. There are two other trails in the near vicinity. One is the Horseshoe Trail, which will take you into the forested habitat of monkeys, squirrels, songbirds and who knows what else. Another is the Mangrove Trail, which leads you through the swampy domiciles of monitor lizards, egrets and the crab-eating macaques.


Detailed Map of the Region

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